Intervenciones Asistidas por Animales: alcances, desafíos y limitaciones

Autores/as

  • Camila Cavalli Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Medicina, Instituto de investigaciones Médicas A. Lanari Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Instituto de investigaciones Médicas (IDIM), Grupo de Investigación del Comportamiento en Cánidos (ICOC)
  • Fabricio Carballo Instituto de investigaciones Biológicas y Biomédicas del Sur (INBIOSUR; CONICET -UNS)
  • Mariana Bentosela Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Medicina, Instituto de investigaciones Médicas A. Lanari Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Instituto de investigaciones Médicas (IDIM), Grupo de Investigación del Comportamiento en Cánidos (ICOC)

Palabras clave:

Intervenciones Asistidas por Animales, Terapia Asistida por Animales, Educación Asistida por Animales, bienestar animal, efectividad

Resumen

Las Intervenciones Asistidas por Animales (IAA) se diferencian en Actividades, Terapia o Educación Asistida por Animales. Constituyen un campo en desarrollo que está recibiendo una atención creciente del público en general, profesionales de la salud y la comunidad científica. Implican la interacción de animales y personas de diversas edades y características. El objetivo de este trabajo es llevar a cabo un análisis conceptual del área a partir de revisiones y metaanálisis publicados sobre el tema. Se incluirá su efectividad y una recopilación de ciertas limitaciones metodológicas de los estudios, junto con propuestas para futuros rumbos de investigación. Asimismo, se tendrán en cuenta las características de los animales participantes, así como su bienestar durante estas tareas. Se concluye que, aunque las investigaciones en el área son aún incipientes y presentan debilidades metodológicas, los resultados son alentadores. Las IAA son un campo prometedor que requiere más investigación.

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Publicado

2020-08-14